Back in 2000 era developing course content which could play on various devices was difficult. The developers were not certain that the content developed for one tool might not work with another. This created confusion and the learners and organizations expectation from the learning content couldn’t be ascertained and trainers and developers had to use various tools and collaboration were difficult. In order to solve this problem, SCORM standard was developed with a clear objective of integrating the learning content with various LMS and tools. It acted as a blueprint for the developers.

According to ISO, (1) Standards can be defined as documents, agreements containing technical specifications or other precise criteria to be used consistently as rules, guidelines, or definitions of characteristics, to ensure that materials, products, processes, and services are fit for their purpose.

In Simple words, I can tell SCORM is a technical standard that governs how an e-learning module is created and delivered to the learners. It was released on Jan 2000 and was developed by ADL (Advanced Distributed Learning).

Sharable Content Object tells us that SCORM is all about creating e-learning content that can be shared across systems. It defines how to create SCO’s (Sharable Content Objects) which can be reused across multiple systems. Reference Model tells us that SCORM isn’t actually a standard. Reference Model tells the developers how to properly use existing standards and use them together.

Different Versions of SCORM all govern two things I.e.

• Packaging content

It determines how a piece of content should be delivered.

• Exchanging Data at run-time

It specifies how the content talks to the LMS while it is playing.

SCORM standards consists of 3 components:

• Content Aggregation Model (CAM)

Content aggregation model describes how the SCORM chunks can be used to build a learning experience by defining the aggregation process for e-learning resources and a way to associate metadata into components

• Run Time Environment (RTE)

It specifies how the content should play once it has been uploaded on the LMS.

• Sequencing and Navigation (SN)

It defines a method for representing the activities flow defined by the course instructor for different users.

How does SCORM standard works?

SCORM standard allows you to reuse and upload content to various SCORM compliant systems without requiring to make edits or modifications. It also governs data exchange and provides important data regarding user interaction to your LMS.

Who uses SCORM Standards?

SCORM standards are widely used by :

• Learning & Development Team
• Instructional Designers
• E-Learning professionals who work on authoring tools such as Adobe Captivate or Articulate Storyline
• Programmers use SCORM guidelines when developing code for e-learning software

Why should you use SCORM standard?

• Reusability

SCORM contents can be easily played across multiple devices, giving flexibility to the learners to be used across different platforms. This lowers the cost as the learning content can be reused multiple times.

• Accessibility

SCORM standards offer you the ability to access content from anywhere, anytime. You can customize the content at one place and deliver across multiple locations. It allows you to search, identify, access and retrieve contents that are widely distributed in SCORM compliant.

• Interoperability

SCORM compliant contents can be authored or launched by any SCORM compliant authoring tools and platforms thus adding maximum flexibility to the developers.

• Durability

Slowly, SCORM is becoming the technical standard for e-learning as the contents and preserved and portable as the technology changes. As the learning contents will not become obsolete, this saved the developers from redesigning and redeveloping the entire process.

• Manageability

SCORM keeps the track of the learner’s learning experience and activities. It provides tracking based on individual learning assessment which helps in determining the learning results. By incorporating SCORM it helps in assessing the e-learning progress and provides a more detailed measurement for their ROI.

Reference :

(1) https://www.iso.org/standards.html