As e-learning started gaining popularity across the industries, it became very important to formulate certain e-learning standards as otherwise, every developer will follow his own styles and standards.

E-Learning standards address the relationship between the coursewares and the Learning Management Systems (LMS).

Here in this blog let’s understand about the main e-learning standards.

What are e-learning standards?

E-learning standards refer to a system of common rules for content, authoring software and

(LMS) – that specify how courses can be created and delivered over multiple platforms so that they all operate seamlessly together.

Different e-learning standards

1.AICC Standard

The Aviation Industry Computer-based Training Committee – created the first and oldest e-learning standard in the world. AICC standard was formed with the need of standardization of computer training for users in the airline industry.

2.ADL (Advanced Distributed Learning Initiative)

In 1997 the Department of Defence (DoD) established the Advanced Distributed Learning (ADL) initiative to develop a strategy to use the power of learning and information technologies to standardize and modernize education and training, which gave birth to SCORM stands(Shareable Content Object Reference Model)

SCORM was first launched in the year 2001 as SCORM 1.1, it was formulated to fill the gaps created by AICC standards.

It was updated to SCORM 1.2, which is the most commonly used e-learning standard to date.

3.xAPI (Experience API )

In 2013, specifications for xAPI commonly called as Tin Can API were released by ADL itself as there was a need felt to update the outdating SCORM standards.

The possibilities of xAPI are still not fully explored and are still at the evolving stage.

 Let’s what are the basic differences between these e-learning standards.

Points of Differences AICC SCORM xAPI(Tin Can API)
Existence Is the oldest e-learning standard, established in the year 1988. The first version was launched as SCORM 1.0 by 2001 Tin Can API was released in 2013.
Are the standards recommended now? AICC standards is already outdated and e-learning companies and developers don’t recommend the same now. SCORM 1.2 version is still the most popular publishing format for e-learning modules. Tin Can API is still in the stage of evolving and has not reached the stage of maturity but are used by most of the modern day and cloud-based LMS.
Dependency on LMS AICC standards requires the presence of an interface like LMS to run the learning modules. The different versions of SCORM also require to interact with an LMS to run the online modules. Tin Can API is based upon the principle that learning can happen anywhere hence it doesn’t require the support of an LMS to work.
Mobile learning support AICC standards don’t ensure flexibility with the mobile learning. SCORM standards too have big limitations in terms of making contents available on the mobile device as browser support is required. Tin Can API does away with browser requirement and hence better supports the mobile learning capabilities and allows learning on the go i.e anywhere and anytime.
Tracking Capability AICC standard can track the learners progress. But being the oldest standard there are a lot of limitations as detailed report generation is not possible. SCORM also has the tracking system, but there are the limitation with regards to in-depth report generation It requires an LMS for the same purpose Tin Can API allows more in-depth tracking with the help of the feature called LRS. (Learning Record Store).

With the future looking towards more personalized learning and learning on the handheld devices, the adoption of the xAPI standard is more likely to be widely accepted.